False accusations by women are in fact rare, occurring no more often than do other false reports of crimes, such as bank robbery.
This statement appears in the text of HCR 182, a resolution sponsored by Rep. Constance Morella (R-MD).
The statement is unfortunately not true. Numerous studies have demonstrated that up to half of all rape allegations are fraudulent, where "fraudulent" means the accuser unambiguously recants the charge and admits she made it up for some reason like spite, revenge, or even extortion.
A recent documentary by ABC News stated that of three million allegations of child abuse, two million have been found to be false accusations.